Every year, the World Health Organisation (WHO) selects an area of global public health concern as the theme for World Health Day, which falls annually on April 7th.
For World Health Day 2016 the WHO has focused on diabetes. The burden of diabetes impacts millions of people globally and is increasing, particularly in developing countries.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
There are 2 main forms of the diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes typically make none of their own insulin and therefore require insulin injections to survive. People with type 2 diabetes, the form that comprises some 90% of cases, usually produce their own insulin, but not enough or they are unable to use it properly.