Obesity and overweight: Obesity is the main risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Obese people have insulin resistance, so, the pancreas must work harder to produce more insulin and try to keep blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Fat distribution: If the body mostly stores fat in the abdomen region, the risk of type 2 diabetes is greater than if it stores fat elsewhere.
Physical Inactivity: People who are physically inactive are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes cells more sensitive to insulin.
Family history: Risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
Race/Ethnicity: People of South Asian, African Caribbean or Middle Eastern ethnicity are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Age: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age, especially after age 45.
Prediabetes: Sometimes, doctors can detect the likelihood of type 2 diabetes before the condition actually occurs. Prediabetes occurs when a person's blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome: This is common condition in women characterised by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.