The fundamental causes of asthma are still not fully understood, however in most cases it is linked to hereditary as well as environmental factors.
The strongest risk factors for developing asthma are a combination of genetic predisposition with environmental exposure to inhaled substances and particles that may provoke allergic reactions or irritate the airways, such as:
Although asthma cannot be cured, appropriate management can control the disease and enable those affected by it to enjoy a good quality of life.
Short-term medications are used to relieve symptoms. Medications such as long-term inhaled steroids are needed to control the progression of severe asthma.
People with persistent symptoms may take long-term medication daily to control the underlying inflammation and help prevent symptoms.
To control asthma it is also vital for sufferers to identify what triggers affect their asthma, and take steps to avoid these triggers.