Sustainability has become a global priority in recent decades, with governments, businesses, and individuals recognising the need for long-term vision and enlightened self-interest. The unprecedented global sustainability challenges that we face today - climate change, forest degradation, poverty, and food security – serve to remind us of the need for cooperation across borders, sectors, and generations.
The United Nations has been spearheading two major ongoing diplomatic efforts: to define a sustainable development agenda for the world, and to protect the planet from the effects of climate change. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by United Nations Member States in 2015. This international action plan recognises the need for inclusive participation and effective stakeholder engagement for the successful implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Founded on the spirit of global partnership, the Agenda is a call to action for all stakeholders in all countries – both developed and developing - to implement SDGs in five critical areas - people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership. At its heart are the 17 SDGs on poverty eradication, food security, health, education, basic infrastructure, climate change mitigation and adaptation, economic growth, gender and decent work.
The pandemic has highlighted that investing in the Sustainable Development Goals is now more relevant than ever. And certain SDG-related sectors – including health, infrastructure, water and sanitation, food and agriculture, climate change mitigation and adaptation, among others – have become investment priorities for many countries as a result.