Expats often need some time to adjust to searing temperatures in Egypt. It is therefore vital they stay well hydrated. Poor sanitation is also a risk and it is best to avoid tap water and opt to drink bottle water instead.
Egypt is said to have the highest hepatitis C rate in the world, as well as very serious tuberculosis and rabies threats. For those travellers who have respiratory issues, the dense air pollution caused by traffic congestions and industrial sites can be very problematic.
Routine vaccinations are recommended, including ones for hepatitis A, typhoid, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, varicella, polio and influenza.