In the past, it was possible for nationals of a number of countries to obtain a visa upon arrival in Turkey. However, in recent years the authorities have changed the requirements so that all travellers must apply for their visa online before travelling to Turkey. The new e-Visa application is straightforward and it is now possible to get a tourist or business visa quite easily and quickly.
It used to be possible to leave Turkey after 90 days and then re-enter the country immediately for a further 90-day period. However, Turkish authorities have changed this. Visitors will only be able to stay in Turkey for a total of 90 days in any period of 180 days. These days need not be consecutive, but they cannot be exceeded. The law directly affects expats who have previously resided in Turkey on a tourist visa and made "visa runs", exiting the country temporarily every 90 days to renew their privileges.
Those who overstay their visa will be subject to bans or fines.
Generally, expats wishing to work in Turkey will need to secure a job offer first and then will need to obtain a residence and work permit prior to arriving in the country. Work permits for Turkey are either granted by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security (within Turkish borders) or, if abroad, from the Consulate of the Turkish Republic.
Applying for a work permit involves a double application process in that both the expat employee and the sponsoring employer must submit an application, with the necessary documents, to the appropriate bodies within 10 days of each other. The employee will be required to submit their application to their nearest Turkish consulate and their employer in Turkey will have to deal with the Turkish Ministry of Labour and Social Security.
Only those individuals who can prove they possess a specific skill not demonstrated by a member of the local Turkish population can qualify to receive a work permit, and only a business entity formally registered in Turkey can submit a work permit application. Expats should also note that there are a number of job categories that the Turkish government has specifically banned foreign nationals from working in.
It’s not necessary for expats working in Turkey to apply for their residence permit separately, as their work permit will include an expat's residence authorisation.
Foreigners who wish to live, study or work in Turkey are required to register at their nearest police department upon arrival in Turkey, regardless of the validity of their visa.