Insufficient funding from state governments has meant that public hospitals in India tend to be poorly equipped and overcrowded, with long waiting times for treatment. This is more evident in rural parts of India where public health concerns are exacerbated by poor sanitation.
To make matters worse, India suffers from a chronic shortage of qualified doctors and many locals turn to traditional medicine as an alternative. While there are a handful of good public hospitals in some metropolitan areas, these are unlikely to be up to the standards that Western expats are accustomed to. Those that can, opt to go private – this is true of both locals and expats.
Private healthcare in India is of a high standard, so expats can rest assured that their medical needs will be well taken care of. One can expect well-trained medical professionals and state-of-the-art equipment at private hospitals in India. The cost of treatment is generally lower than in developed countries – so much so that India is fast becoming a popular medical tourism destination.
Most private hospitals are found in the major Indian cities. Expats in more rural parts of India might have to travel a couple of hours to reach the closest private facility.
International private health insurance is a must for expats moving to India. While there are local health insurance providers available, expats are likely to find that international policies offer more extensive coverage. Taking out a comprehensive policy is particularly important for those planning to visit rural parts of India.
When choosing a policy, it’s important to ensure that one’s desired hospital or clinic is covered. Some medical facilities will request payment upfront – in such a case, be sure to keep all receipts so that fees can be reimbursed by the insurer.
There are several health concerns that could hamper an expat’s assignment in India. However, with the right precautions, these risks can be minimised.
Most tap water in India isn’t safe for drinking, so it’s best to stick to consuming bottled water. Food hygiene standards aren’t always as rigidly maintained as they would be in developed countries, so expats should be wary when purchasing goods from street vendors and local restaurants.
Malaria is an issue in parts of India, so expats should take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitos. Using repellent sprays, wearing long sleeves and sleeping under a mosquito net are all good preventative measures.
The heat and humidity in certain regions can be a source of discomfort for some new arrivals. Using a high-SPF sunscreen when out and about and drinking plenty of water to avoid dehydration is advisable.
India’s roads are notoriously congested and, along with the poor state of many government-funded ambulances, relying on emergency services in India is not ideal. Most paramedics working in urban areas will speak English but this may not be the case in rural areas.
Private ambulance services are available, but expats should enquire about the nature of vehicles and services they are paying for. Expats with a comprehensive health insurance policy should be able to claim back the cost of using a private ambulance in India.
India’s national emergency number is 112, and while some operators may speak English, this is not always the case.